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300 - 750 A.D.
Polynesians arrive by outrigger canoe from Tahiti
British explorer Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands and
names them Sandwich Islands after Britian's Earl of Sandwich. He was
killed at Kealakekua Bay, near
Kona in 1779
The first Chinese arrive after jumping off a trading ship.
King Kamehameha the Great unites all the Hawaiian islands into one kingdom.
The first pineapple plants are introduced from Spain.
First Hawaiian flag is sewn.
Coffee is first planted.
King Kamehameha I dies. Prince Liholiho ascends the throne as
Kamehameha II (1819-1824). He also abandons the ancient taboo of eating
First American Protestant missonaries arrive aboard the brig Thaddeus from New England.
1825 - 1854
The reign of King Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli)
The first Hawaii constitution of the kingdom was established.
The Great Mahele is signed by King Kamehameha III which allows commoners
and haoles to own land outright or in "fee simple," a concept
that continues today.
On August 31, King Kamehameha III declares Honolulu a city.
First Chinese contract workers arrive.
1874 - 1891
The reign of King David Kalakaua.
America's only royal residence, Iolani Palace is built on Oahu.
Mutual Telephone Company was started in Hawaii. The name was later changed
to Hawaiian Telephone and then changed again to GTE Hawaiian Tel.
The first contract laborers from Japan arrive to work on the sugar cane
Macadamia nut trees are first planted.
Queen Liliuokalani surrenders the kingdom to the United States under
Queen Liliuokalani abdicates her throne.
Hawaii is annexed to the United States.
Hawaii becomes a United States territory. The Great Chinatown fire leaves
7000 people homeless in Honolulu.
Prince Jonah Kalanianaole Kuhio dies. He was the last powerful member
of the royal Hawaiian family.
Elsewhere in the World
Balboa is the first European to sight the Pacific Ocean
War breaks out between the United States and
Britain. Ended in 1816.
Mexican-American war begins. The war ends in 1848, with the United States
seizing Caliornia and other territories.
Gold discovered in California.
California admitted into the United States as the 31st
Commodore Perry arrives in Japan with the "Black Ships"
Transcontinental railroad completed in the United States
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This page last updated
August 22, 2005